Looking to create an ornamental aquarium in your garden? Then you’ll be interested in different types of flowerhorns. No garden is completed without an aquarium and no aquarium is complete without these guys, however there’s a few things you need to learn first, reason why today we’ll be telling you all about the types of flowerhorn.
In case you didn’t know the Flowerhorns are considered the most attractive fishes to be kept at home. Many people tend to have the hobby of having Flowerhorns at their home because these fish can truly add the wow factor to your tank; they are known among aquarists for its beautiful range of colors and big nuchal hump on the head of the males.
This is a hybrid species with lots of different subspecies and variations, so it may be a little confusing at first knowing which types may suit you best or even how to properly maintain them. But don’t stress, check out below valuable information about the types of flowerhorn.
Where does the flowerhorn come from?
In the mid 1990’s the Flowerhorn cichlid was made in Malaysia.
The first Flowerhorns were developed with the cross breeding of the south and Central American cichlids and the trimaculatus. Hence, many of the specimens of the Flowerhorn have similarity to a trimac. Gradually as more and more types of cichlids were developed they were called Flowerhorns whether they had the dark spots on their body or not.
Why are they called flowerhorns?
It got it name ‘flower’ from the dark spots that runs along its body along the lateral lines. Along with that the term ‘horn’ is added to show the nuchal hump that the adults of the fish has on their head. Flowerhorns are also known as “warships.”
What is the hump of flowerhorns made of?
It is accumulation of fat and when a Flowerhorn does not get its food from outside it uses the one in the hump. So, do not panic if you leave the Flowerhorn for few days and go somewhere else you will find that the hump reduced when you return.
Do flowerhorns get sick?
Unfortunately, it’s common for flowerhorns to suffer from diseases such as a hole in the head and digestive blockages.
Tips to keeping a flowerhorn at home
One must be very careful when thinking about having a Flowerhorn at home. It is very important to know key considerations in order to provide the Flowerhorn the best environment.
- The flowerhorn is a slightly high maintenance fish and needs a huge tank with excellent water quality, and a lot of water flow. It’s best to have a canister filter with powerful filtration.
- They need lots of space in their aquariums.
- The aquarium light should be muted and not too bright.
- These fish like digging into the gravel substrate, so having plants isn’t the best idea, rocks are a better choice to have on the bottom.
- You should also clean the water weekly, with regular water changes to keep the water conditions under control.
- Seventy-five gallons is the minimum tank size for an individual. For a breeding pair, flowerhorns require 150 gallons or more.
- Keeping the hardness and pH in good order with frequent water changes is very important to the health of the flowerhorn cichlid. If the parameters aren’t right, the fish will get sick.
- pH: 7.4 – 8.0.
- Hardness: 9-20 dGH
- The best water temperature for these flowerhorns is 78.8-86 degrees Fahrenheit.
- It’s best to keep these in a maximum of one breeding pair of these fish per tank, or one individual. Not one tank mate, even another flowerhorn.
- You can raise flowerhorns together as juveniles, but once they reach adulthood, separate the adults fish, so each has their territory to make their own ‘homes.’
- You need to feed your Flowerhorn at least thrice daily.
- They need a variety of different things in their diet, and lots of protein.
Types of Flowerhorn
The following are some of the different types of flowerhorn cichlids:
The Kamfa Flowerhorn is a bred that has originated from the luohans. The fish has a fantail and the eyes were either yellow or white. The head bump of the fish is watercolored. The lips of the fish are smaller compared to another type namely Zhen Zhu. It has sunken eyes. The nuchal hump on a Kamfa is quite big and it has a large and square body type.
Chinese Zhen Zhu (ZZ)
Zhen Zhu is also derived from Luohans but they came slightly after the Kamfa. The ZhenZhu is also known as the pearl scale Flowerhorn and they have a larger mouth compared to the Kamfa with a rounder tail. The eyes are red and protruding and they have a prominent head bump. The breed is popular because of the pearling or the flower line. Many breeders’ tries to cross breed these cichlids because of this characteristic so that they can get better and attractive breeds of Flowerhorn. However, the risk of carrying of weak tails remains.
Also known as Titanium the Thai silk is a comparatively new breed of Flowerhorn. The origin of this fish is not clear. It is believed to be the crossbred between the Texas Cichlid, white tigers and the Vieja.
Thai Silk a.k.a Titanium Flowerhorn cichlids are beautiful and uniquely colored. These fish are highly colorful with a gorgeous bluish white coloration with eyes colored in cherry red. It’s the contrasting white-ish background coloration that makes the blues stand out. The Flowerhorn Cichlid is a more than ideal fish for those of you who are looking for a unique and rather large cichlid. This fish is great with other fish but not other flowerhorn because they become territorial when facing another one. They’re often friendly and also interested in its environment. This hybrid of the Cichlid is one of the most stunning and eye catching results of cichlid interbreeding.
The name of the fish is due to its sharp bright red color. It is actually a natural breed native to Thailand but it is also known to be found elsewhere in different countries including Indonesia. The Super Red dragon has a nuchal hump that is protruding and give it an exemplary look which is actually great.
This hybrid is one of the most eye catching results of cichlid interbreeding.
Gold Flowerhorn (Golden Base)
The Golden base variety of Flowerhorns mainly comprises of the faders and the Golden Trimac. They are termed as fader due to the characteristics they show. During their juvenile period their color starts fading and at one time they become black. However, gradually the black also fades away and then they get a vibrant color that is either yellow or red. Due to this vibrant color they are identified with the Golden Trimac.
The Red Texas Cichlids are produced by breeding the Mammon with the green Texas cichlids and they are related to the Golden base family. In order to achieve the red color, they are crossbred with the parents mainly the King Kong Parrot. According to any Flowerhorn hobbyist, the color of the red Texas cichlids is most important feature.
This beautiful hybrid Red Texas Flowerhorn Cichlid is an intergeneric hybrid of Herichthys and Amphilophus parents.
- Size: up to 8 – 12″
- pH: 7 – 8 (ideal 7.8)
- dH: 10o
- Origin: South America
- Chemicals: Black Water Expert found at Aquarium Chemicals
- Food: New Life Spectrum “Jumbo Fish”
King Kong Parrots
The King Kong Parrots were the early stage of hybrid Flowerhorns that were developed by breeding. They were then developed into Blood Parrot that are considered to be the first hybrid cichlids. The key features of the blood parrot are its big head and a comparatively smaller body. It has protruding eyes along with a V- shaped mouth. A red devil cichlid has similarity with the shape of the King Kong and after reaching the size of 18 cm its mouth shape transforms into a triangle. Then it has protruding jaws that are distinct.
As the King Kong parrot grows larger it develops a reddish orange color.
The Red Ingots are another type of Flowerhorn that has a round body shape and their anal fin and dorsal fin is larger compared to the tail fin. Its mouth opens and closes naturally. The nuchal hump of the red ingots is quite large and it weighs something around 1 kilogram when matured. They present clear eyes and are considered great for Feng shui.